ALEXANDER BALAS°

ALEXANDER BALAS°, king of Syria, 150–146 B.C.E. According to Diodorus and Strabo, Balas was his original name before he assumed the cognomen Alexander. Many of his contemporaries state that Alexander Balas was a native of Smyrna, of lowly parentage, but he pretended to be the son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes and claimed the throne of his alleged father in opposition to Demetrius I Soter. Alexander was supported by Attalus II of Pergamum and was recognized by Ptolemy VI Philometor of Egypt. The Romans, inclined to encourage the disturbances in Syria, also allowed Alexander's adherents freedom of action. In 153 B.C.E., Alexander led an army of mercenaries against Demetrius. The pretender's first act was to win Jonathan the Hasmonean to his side by appointing him high priest and leader of the Jews. Demetrius fell in battle, and Alexander assumed the throne in 150. To strengthen his position in Syria he married Ptolemy's daughter. However, when he conspired against him, Ptolemy withdrew his support and allied himself with Demetrius ii, son of the late king, who now laid claim to his father's throne. In the ensuing battle between Alexander and Ptolemy on the River Oenoparas near Antioch, Alexander was defeated and Ptolemy mortally wounded. Alexander took refuge with the Arab chieftain Zabeilus, who slew him and sent his head to Ptolemy who had not yet died from his wounds. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I Macc. 10:1 ff., 15 ff.; 11:1 ff.; Jos., Ant., 13:35 ff., 58 ff., 80 ff., 103 ff.; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 3 (19502), 54–59; A. Bouché-Leclercq, Histoire des Séleucides, 1 (1913), 338 ff.; Schuerer, Gesch, 1 (19014), 227 ff. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Alexander Balas — (Greek Polytonic|Ἀλέξανδρoς Bάλας), ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom 150 146 BC, was a native of Smyrna of humble origin, but gave himself out to be the son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes and heir to the Seleucid throne. Along with his sister… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Balas — Silbermünze von Alexander I. Balas Alexander I. Balas war Regent des Seleukidenreichs von 150 v. Chr. bis 145 v. Chr.. In Smyrna geboren und von einfacher Herkunft, gab er sich als illegitimer Sohn von Antiochos IV. und Erbe des Thrones aus. Sein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander Balas — ▪ king of Syria also called  Alexander Epiphanes  died 145 BC       king of Syria and Pergamum (Greek Asia Minor) and ruler of the remains of the Seleucid Empire (150–145 BC).       The pretended son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, he won the Seleucid …   Universalium

  • Alexander (Name of Seven Men) —     Alexander, name of seven men     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alexander, name of seven men     (1) ALEXANDER THE GREAT     King of Macedon, 336 323 B. c. He is mentioned in 1 Mach., i, 1 10; vi, 2. He is also supposed to be spoken of in Dan., ii …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alexander I. Balas — Silbermünze von Alexander I. Balas Alexander I. Balas (* vor 153 v. Chr.; † 145 v. Chr.) war als Usurpator ein König des Seleukidenreichs. Balas stammte aus Smyrna und war von einfacher Herkunft. Von König Attalos II. von Pergamon und der Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander — This article is about the male first name. For other uses, see Alexander (disambiguation). Alexander Paris, depicted in this c. 1636 painting by Peter Paul Rubens making his famous judgment, was given the surname Alexander as a child when he rou …   Wikipedia

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  • Alexander I. [2] — Alexander I., von Syrien, genannt Balas, von niedriger Herkunft, aber verwegen u. schlau, gab sich für einen Sohn des Antiochus Epiphanes aus u. gewann mit römischer Hilfe Syrien gegen Demetrius Soter, des Antiochus Neffen (150 v. Chr.). Aber… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Balas — Iolanda Balaş (* 12. Dezember 1936 in Timişoara) ist eine ehemalige rumänische Hochspringerin. Sie ist zweifache Olympiasiegerin und gilt als eine der besten Hochspringerinnen aller Zeiten. Balaş dominierte für ein Jahrzehnt die internationalen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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